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General

CE is an abbreviation of the french "communaute europeen", and means European Communities in English, and means europe communities.

The meaning of the affixing of CE marking on product is that the products or manufacturers fulfill the essential requirements of EC regulations or directives.

In other words, it represents that any party among makers or third party, certification bodies performed conformity assessment to place products on the market without any restriction. In this reason, products related to consumer's safety , health, environment must affix CE mark, and CE marked products can be placed on the market without further inspections or tests in EU and EFTA countries.

CE marking doesn't mean reliability or quality guarantee for a product, but it means that the product meets essential requirements of EU regulations, directives or European standards in relation to safety, health, consumer protection.

Presently, CE maeking is applied in 30 countries including EU (25), EFTA (4) including turkey.

 
Some of the most important directives in this field and their special conditions are listed below

The Low Voltage Directive requires CE marking and applies to electrical and electronic products with a voltage rating of 50 to 1000 V AC or 75 to 1500 V DC. Exceptions are certain items of electrical equipment covered by other directives including electromedical equipment, electrical appliances and instruments used in premises where there is a risk of explosion. The Low Voltage Directive does not either apply to household plugs. In the case of a dispute over whether the manufacturer¡¯s product meets the standard required by the directive, a statement verifying the product¡¯s conformity with the standard must be provided by a Notified Body.

The EMC Directive ensures the electromagnetic compatibility of equipment used in the same environment, i.e. that the equipment does not introduce unacceptable electromagnetic inference and its not affected by such inference. If the manufacturer does not comply with harmonised standards, CE marking will require the preparation of a Technical Construction File and an attached technical report issued by a Competent Body.

The Machinery Directive ensures the safety of machinery and sets essential health and safety requirements for machines and safety components. CE marking under the Machinery Directive requires a Technical Construction File, a Declaration of Conformity and, in certain cases, testing carried out by a Notified Body.

The Gas Appliance Directive concerns appliances that use gas for the production of heat or hot water, together with the safety, monitoring and control equipment fitted to these appliances, and accessories sold separately. As the basis for CE marking and the Technical Construction File, the directive requires testing carried out by a Notified Body and conformity verification that the product for sale is identical to the type-tested product. An alternative is certification as a Quality System assessed and approved by a Notified Body and subject to follow-up visits or some other inspection required under the directive and carried out by a Notified Body.

The Boiler Efficiency Directive concerns the energy efficiency of hot-water boilers. As for the Gas Appliance Directive, alternatives to CE marking are conformity verification and Quality System certification following assessment and approval by a Notified Body in order to ensure uniform quality, and requiring follow-up visits or some other inspection under the directive.